Biomass power is power obtained from the energy in plants and plant-derived materials, such as food crops, grassy and woody plants, residues from agriculture or forestry, and the organic component of municipal and industrial wastes. Biomass is the single largest source of renewable energy in the United States. In 2009 it accounted for half of all renewable energy consumption and contributed ~ 4.1% of the total U.S. energy consumption (Source: Biomass Energy Data Book 2010, Oak Ridge National Laboratory). In EU situation is even better: Biomass contribute by 2/3 of the total EU consumption of renewable energy (Source:Biomass Green Energy for Europe, European Commission 2010). Numbers of installations for producing heat from agricultural biomass waste are installed worldwide, starting from small installations to district heating plants. Agenda 202020 of European Union (20% energy produced from renewable energy sources by 2020) just strengthens importance of production of biomass fuel.
Bride future for biomass as energy source, gives chance to agriculture for generating significant extra incomes from producing biomass fuel (pellets, briquettes) from agricultural waste. Instead using its energy potential, CBC-Region is facing the problem of agricultural wastes, among them cereal straw which is dominant. Straw is sometimes baled and used mainly for internal consumption of the agricultural farms (as bedding for livestock and in rare cases for feeding animals). There are not examples for using agricultural waste as power alternative, except in rare cases for domestic stoves.
On the basis of conducted researches during preparation of this proposal, we rough estimate that by using straw as row material for pellets/briquettes production, agricultural businesses in CBC-Region could have extra incomes of 200.000.000 EUR per year (TWO HUNDRED MILLION EUROS).